Friday, February 2, 2007

India as a superpower - are we there yet ??

President Kalam: "The nation can use its core competence in IT, natural resources and human resources to become a knowledge superpower by 2020...In the 21st century, knowledge is the primary production resource instead of capital or labour. There will be a shift from the molecule-centric agricultural era to the electron-centric knowledge era. The efficient utilisation of knowledge alone can create comprehensive wealth for the nation in the form of better health, education, infrastructure and other social indicators. The ability to create and maintain the knowledge infrastructure, develop knowledge workers and enhance their productivity through creation, and nurturing and exploitation of new knowledge will be the key factors in a nation becoming a knowledge superpower...As the world transforms into a knowledge society, India has the tremendous advantage due to it! s core competence in certain technologies including IT, vast natural resources and above all, 300 million ignited youth. This strength must be harnessed fully for the transformation of society. This will be a beautiful India, prosperous India and happy India."

Past Experience of having Powerful states- The Maurya, Gupta, Mughal, Vijayanagara and Chola empires provide the necessary confidence that a powerful state can be established despite having diversity.

In the 3rd millennium BC, the Indus-Saraswati civilization was the world leader in science and technology as well as in trade and philosophy.

India, the 7th largest nation by area,
India also has 25% of the world's thorium resources. FBRs at kalpakkam will ensure that these resources are used for nuclear power.


Vast influence over neighbors in the Indian subcontinent especially the asean nations
varied and rich history and culture.


india has maintained the British legacy of democracy and relative freedom and tolerance, which, combined with the recent loosening of state controls on the economy, makes India more likely to foster innovation and change.

India is the world's largest democratic republic, more than three times bigger than the next largest (U.S.). The fact that India is a democracy has improved its relations with other democratic nations and significantly improved its ties with the majority of the nations in the developed world. [
Candidate for Security Council - India has been pressing for permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council (as part of the G4 nations[35]) but without veto ability.[36]
Foreign relations - It has significantly boosted its image among western nations and signed a civilian nuclear deal with the United States in March 2006.
Role in international politics –
India was one of the founding members of Non-Aligned Movement
It played regional roles in South Asian affairs, e.g. its use of the Indian Peace Keeping Force in the Bangladesh Liberation War and in Sri Lanka.
India is an active member of the Commonwealth and the WTO.
India's political moves are being influenced by economic imperatives. New Delhi is also being observed to slowly, cautiously, and often hesitantly, step into the unchartered role of becoming one of the two major seats of political power in Asia, the other being at Beijing.
Economic Growth - India's current economic growth (as the world's second-fastest growing major economy) has improved its standing on the world's political stage, even though it is still a developing country, but one that is showing strong development.

Demographic factors
second largest population
Due to its high birth rate India has a young population compared to most aging nations. It has approximately 60% of its population below the age of 30.
In the coming decades, while some of the powerful nations witness a decrease in workforce, India is expected to have an increase. For example while Europe is well past its demographic window, the U.S. entered its in 1970 (lasting until 2015), China entered its in 1990 (will last until 2025), India won't enter its window until 2010 (lasting until 2050).
Global Diaspora –
More than 35 million Indians live across the globe.
India has the world's second largest English speaking/understanding population.


world's third largest military
second largest army,
fourth largest air force,
fifth largest naval force which has "blue water" capabilities.
It also has a budding space program
We are a nuclear weapons state. strength respects strength. We are surrounded by hostile nuclear powers. All round the world there were other nuclear powers. We cannot remain silent. But as the Prime Minister has explained, India is committed to the No-first-Use doctrine. If some uses the nuclear power, we will use ours, which I think is acceptable.
Arms Imports - India is currently one of the world's largest arms importers, spending an estimated US$16.97 billion in 2004. India has made military technology deals with the Russian Federation, the U.S., Israel and the EU. [119]


Economic growth will force better governance, and better governance will feed more economic growth

India is currently the world's fourth largest economy in terms of real GDP (PPP) after the USA, the People's Republic of China and Japan
Interestingly, estimates by the IMF shows that by 2007 India will be the third largest economy in the world, overtaking the Japanese economy. The current growth rate is at 9.2%
tenth largest economy in terms of nominal GDP (market exchange rates)
second fastest growing major economy after China.
seen by global investors as a stable long term growth story.
growing industries and skilled workforce (in the service sector especially in IT industry and increasingly other hi-tech sectors like chemical, bio-tech, automobile, and pharmaceutical industries)
India is going to be the biggest economy in the world

Primary Sector - India, growing at 8% per year, is the world's second largest producer of food next to China. Food processing accounts for USD 69.4 billion as gross income.[61]

Secondary Sector - India is still relatively a small player in manufacturing when compared to many world leaders. Some new trends suggest an improvement in future, since the manufacturing sector is growing at 11-12%.

Tertiary and Quaternary Sector - India currently has an expanding IT industry which is considered one of the best in the world. Some have begun to describe India as a technology superpower. [68][69] It is considered the World's back Office and is leading in the Services Industry.

Science/Tech –
A typical example of India's rising scientific endeavours is that it was the 3rd nation to found a National Space Agency called ISRO, after the USSR and the U.S.
It was the third Asian nation to send satellites into space after China and Japan in 1970, starting with Aryabhata in 1975.[77] [78]
In January 2007, India became the fourth nation to complete atmospheric reentry[79]
By 2008 it plans to send an unmanned mission to the Moon. chandrayan
India is among the world leaders in remote sensing,[84] catosat
Energy - India joined China to launch a vigorous campaign to acquire oil fields around the world and now has stake in several oil fields (in the Middle East and Russia).

India vs china
Notice what kinds of work have been subcontracted to the two countries: China is best known for its industrial production; India for its software writing and technical support. Which country is more likely to become an economic leader: One which produces commodities or one which produces creative work?

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